Lecture on the Lotus Sutra Now Available

Now available "Lecture on the Lotus Sutra"

Now available “Lecture on the Lotus Sutra”

Now available on Amazon “Lecture on the Lotus Sutra” (click the link to open Amazon). You can now purchase a copy of my completed lecture on the Lotus Sutra. This book contains all of the serialized postings that appeared here in the Fall of last year. Those posts were edited and new material was added to the book which was not posted on the blog. I hope you will consider purchasing a copy for your own study and understanding of the Lotus Sutra. Frequently Amazon has the book discounted. The book will not be available in digital format.

Thank you for your support.

With Gassho,
Ryusho Jeffus

Posted in Basics, Buddhism, by Ryusho 龍昇, Dharma Talks, Good Things, Lotus Sutra, Myosho-ji Temple, Nichiren Shu | Leave a comment

New Years Message – 2015

Welcome to the year two thousand fifteen. Happy New Year.

The idea of celebrating New Year is one of mixed meanings for me. In some ways I find it strange that this one arbitrarily set day caries so much meaning and significance for many and for others it has no meaning. I personally fall into both camps.

As I mentioned the start of the New Year is arbitrary, it could just as easily be any day and in fact throughout history it has been and continues to be celebrated on various days. The Jews celebrate the New Year according to their long traditional calendar dating back over 5000 years. In various countries at various times a strict lunar calculation was used and so occasionally months needed to be added. We see examples of this in the dating of some of Nichiren’s writings. There are probably many hundreds of ways in which the start of a new year has been calculated. Currently we use the Gregorian calendar began being used in 1582 CE replacing the Julian calendar, which had been in use since the time of Julius Caesar.

These are just a few examples of how arbitrary the fixing of the start of the New Year is.

We as humans often attach great significance to the beginning of things, such as birthdays, marriages, new jobs, and so forth as well as to the ending of things such as death, divorce, being fired from a job. Yet time is really a tricky concept for there is no really fixed point for time other than the arbitrary agreement we all subscribe to because of culturally defined norms.

So stepping back, looking closely we could say that every day or every moment is the start of a ‘new year’. Yet today, New Year’s day 2015 we do put special importance on a new beginning. It is convenient, traditional, culturally accepted, and easy to observe.

Let us step away for a moment from the fact that every moment is a new beginning, though I would like for you to carefully keep it in mind as the message continues.

Today is the first, and on the day we begin doing many things again for the first time. Today many of you will perhaps have had your first cup of coffee or tea. I myself had already had my first sip of diet soda, a terrible habit I suppose though there could be worse. Today you will have perhaps showered for the first time this year, or perhaps it will be tonight. This morning you will have done your first recitation of the Lotus Sutra for the year. May you will make your first entry into your journal for the New Year today. Some things you might not do for the first time until a few days have passed such as going to work or to the store.

Today is a day of first causes and first effects which will be both a continuation of last year and also set the course for this new year. This is an unbroken chain, unless you actively seek to break it. The cycle will continue as it has or will take a new turn. The direction the rest of the year goes is in a very large way determined by what you do today, and also in reality every day.

Today is as good a day as any to make changes for the future, and perhaps it is easier to do so because it is the New Year 2015. I hope that as you go through this day and the ones following that you will carefully and mindfully engage in those activities with an attitude that those causes you create today will significantly impact the rest of the year and the remainder of your life.

Finally I would like to bring up one of my favorite subjects, which is goal setting. I cannot stress enough how important it is to set goals. Even science has proven that goal setting is psychologically and emotionally beneficial. There is nothing about Buddhism that would go against the idea of goal setting; think about attaining enlightenment. Enlightenment is the ultimate goal of Buddhism. Now how will we attain it?

Goal setting provides you will a base line from which to examine your progress towards improving and changing your life so the trajectory is towards the ultimate goal of enlightenment. By setting and keeping in mind your goals you will be better prepared to examine what is working for you and what is not.

If we merely wander through our lives living only from moment to moment then we risk going nowhere. Our journey to enlightenment is not so different from driving from one destination to another. If we set out to drive to purchase food without any clear idea of our route or even knowing what a grocery store is then it will be merely by chance we actually accomplish anything. Your happiness, your enlightenment is too important to leave to chance, or accident.

In conclusion let me wish you all a very happy and productive New Year. From today I hope you will redouble your efforts to practice Buddhism and reveal to your friends, neighbors, and co-workers the great benefit of Buddhism. Today is a day of first, let us all make these firsts the start of many great things. Leave nothing to chance.

With Gassho,

Posted in Buddhism, by Ryusho 龍昇, Dharma Talks, Good Things, mindfulness, Myosho-ji Temple, Nichiren Shu | Tagged | Leave a comment

Year End – 2014

Hello to all of my readers. Here we are at the end of 2014, what a full year it has been.

For myself I thought I would share with you my goals at the start of 2014 and report on what I was able to accomplish.

Because I am a firm believer in setting goals I do this to encourage you to do the same. It has been shown by science that setting goals is both a good way to ensure you are the most productive you can be, and it also can serve to increase happiness and containment.

Here were my main goals for 2014 – the ones that are in bold were completed:
Trip to France
Finish Essay on Senji Sho – Selection of Time
Write Book on Nichiren Shonin – Story of Sun Lotus
Publish Lotus Sutra Study Lecture
Publish Essay Collection Book #2
Publish Essay Collection Book #1
Assemble and Submit all documents to APC for Denomination Recognition
Submit documents for BCC committee
Write book on Magic City
(there were of course some personal and private goals not included here)

Of these goals I accomplished all but three; the book on Selection of Time, Book on Nichiren, and Essay Collection #2. I was able to make two trips to France, so that was more than I had planned on. There were several other trips and conferences I was able to attend that were not on my original goals. Completing the denomination recognition for Association of Professional Chaplains was a major piece that needed to be done so I could move forward on becoming certified as a Chaplain. The documents for that certification amounted to an almost two inch stack of papers, and I successfully completed and submitted them in July. In October I met my committee and was certified. All of that was a major accumulate of effort and one I was relieved to have completed.

Unexpectedly I needed to have surgery in November. The outcome of that was favorable and it allowed me an ‘excuse’ to take two months off and rest, renew, and reflect. It was a good time to just be.

If you are interested in reviewing the annual report on my blog activities here is a link to a public report.

I am looking forward to a wonderful New Year 2015 and I hope to share it with you.

Finally, if you would like to share your goals and accomplishments this past year, please share them in the comments. Let us all celebrate the good things of the past year.

With Gassho,

Posted in by Ryusho 龍昇, Goal Setting, Good Things | 2 Comments

Physician’s Good Medicine – #9 – Ichinen Sanzen

The following in one form or another will be in the final publication although it is presented here out of order and in a very rough draft.

Temporary Nature – Ichinen Sanzen

Today I would like talk about Ichinen Sanzen, 3000 conditions of mind in a moment. Ichinen Sanzen is a very complex theory in Buddhism and frequently is gets reduced to simply explaining the 10 Worlds. However there is an aspect of Ichinen Sanzen which I would like to explore with you. In a way this is a developing realization. That is the way it happens for me. I’ll think and think about something, turning it over and over in my mind. Then one day something will happen, perhaps someone asks me a question, or some situation arises and then all of a sudden a light bulb goes off and ‘bam’ inspiration lights up.

Ten Worlds

Many of you know about the Ten Worlds, and so I won’t go into a lot of detail on each of the individual worlds. However what I would like to illustrate is how they are mutually always present. There is a therapy philosophy called Internal Family Systems Theory, IFS for short.

IFS is considered an integrative systems model of psychotherapy which was begun by Richard Schwartz, Ph.D. Briefly this theory states that our mind is made up of relatively discreet subpersonalities each with its own view point and qualities as well as capacities to process experiences.

If we think about the Ten Worlds we can see a certain correlation between Ten Worlds and IFS. We as individuals in any moment in time has a potential to experience any of the Ten possible conditions such as Hell, Anger, Hunger, Animality, and so forth. When we are in any of these ten conditions we also have the potential to experience any other condition. So when we are in hell we still retain the possibility to be enlightened.

Also, when we are in any one of the Ten Worlds we view our environment and experience in different ways than we would in another world. On a good day, if you are cooking and burn something on the stove, it might simply be a funny experience, one you can laugh about and shrug your shoulders and begin again. On a bad day this same incident might cause you to yell and throw things, cuss and have a break down.

There is another aspect to this that we frequently do not consider and this is age. Now you may ask what does age have to do with the Ten Worlds. Consider this for a moment. Do you think that you respond to experiences the same way now as you did when you were three years old, or ten years old, or even 20 years old for those older than 20. Think about this for a moment. The you, you are now is not the same you, you were in the past. The hell of a five-year-old, for many, is not the same experience as hell for a twenty-year-old.

A five-year-old hell is not being able to stay up all night, or have desert before the main meal. A five-year-old hell might be made to clean up a mess. A twenty-year-old hell might be a boyfriend breaking up with his girlfriend. A twenty-year-old hell might be not being able to find a job, or not being able to get off from work to attend a rock concert. Can you imagine a five year old being in hell because she can’t find a job, or can’t date a certain boy? And yet when each of these persons are in hell, they are in hell for them in their current state. Different things will cause the experience, yet hell is hell.

The same can be said of enlightenment or any of the Ten Worlds. So while the Ten Worlds all exist simultaneously in any given moment they are also changing in nature according to our age and circumstances. They are not fixed in any moment and no moment is fixed in time.

Ten Suchnesses – Junyoze

The Ten Suchnesses we read every time we recite Chapter II, in Sindoku they are the nyo ze phrases we repeat three times. They are briefly; appearance, nature, entity, powers, activities, primary causes, environmental causes, rewards and retributions, equality.

Is your appearance today the same as it was when you were five or twenty? I know for myself it is much different. I didn’t have all these wrinkles and as many grey hairs when I was twenty. When I was twenty I was living in Hawaii, having a good time going to the beach everyday, riding my motorcycle, spending time in the wind and sun. Today I wear the badges of all of that as large liver spots and an abundance of wrinkles. As a twenty year old I had no concerns for my youthful skin, after all don’t most twenty year olds think they will remain twenty years old all of their lives? Maybe not?

I am, as you all are, much bigger than you were when you were five or ten years old. So appearance changes with time, this we know however we sometimes forget and think the person I was as an eight year old is the same as the sixty year old. The same is true of your nature, which is you basic tendency in life. Your nature is perhaps only just being formed when you are six, seven, or ten. Even today, though perhaps much more slowly, your nature is changing. Buddhist practice is one of the best influences to changing our basic nature. Our nature is greatly influenced by our appearance, though appearance is objective and nature is subjective, they are still tied together.

Entity is our form and power is our potential. As a ten year old you have no power or for most people only limited power. Your form is diminutive and you are mostly controlled by others, such as parents, or teachers. A ten year old does what others tell them and doesn’t initiate many actions of their own. Yet that child is still processing experiences.

Primary cause and environmental cause are our ways of processing our experiences which then in turn influences the ways in which we respond. So an eight year old is forced into some labor of a less than savory nature, they have no power, not control over their environment, they merely do as they must. Now this is very important to understand.

Later on that eight year old grows and learns the true nature of the activity they were forced to do. They learn that what they did may have been immoral, or harmful to others. This may be an extreme example but it applies to each and everyone of us to some degree.

The eight year old grows to become a fifteen year old and carries the memory of those actions as a eight year old. But the eight year old girl no longer exists in reality. This gets into the reason why we recite these Ten Suchnesses three times.

One aspect of these Ten Suchnesses is they are temporary. I’ll come back to this in a moment. Please bear with me this material is actually difficult to talk about in a linear manner.

Finally in the Ten Suchnesses we have effects, rewards and retributions, and equality. As you can tell I am not going into a lot detail on each one of these, merely a quick overview.

As little children we make all sorts of causes for which we receive effects throughout our lives. Some of us may have learned to lie effectively, some may have learned to be overly sensitive to emotions of others, some may have learned to avoid conflict. Now virtually no young child knows they are learning these things, a child doesn’t have the mind of an adult in order to process that complex of a thought. We can see in this that indeed, each of us is a product of both our environment, experiences, our physical characteristics, even our biological DNA. We are extremely complex beings.

We make causes every moment of our existence, those causes though yield different outcomes depending upon a variety of circumstances. Consider this, anger as a ten year old generally looks and manifests differently from anger as a thirty year old, don’t you think. Yes there are likely to be some general similarities but picture a thirty year old holding his breath while laying on the floor screaming. That isn’t generally how at thirty year old acts, but certainly how some ten year olds act.

A thirty year old may go get drunk and cause a fight, not generally something a ten year old is capable of doing. A thirty year old might hit someone, at ten year old might also hit someone however the damage a ten year old might cause is frequently less than what a thirty year will.

Even the remorse changes as we age and become more self aware of our potential for harm or good.

Three Truths – SanTai – Ku – Ke – Chu

This is perhaps one of the most difficult concepts to explain and understand and I will probably only do a poor job, however I will attempt to do my best.

Roughly translated ku is voidness, ke is temporary, and chu is the middle way. This idea is actually used in various ways in Buddhist theory. This is my understanding as I am now and as I relate it to all of the above.

Today, I am as I am and you are as you are. Today we all carry memories of our past, we know what we did to varying degrees when we were children. We have memories. Those memories change within us depending upon how we learn to process and even that changes as we grow, and mature. For example my relationship with my deceased parents and the way they treated me as a child has changed dramatically just over the past two years, even though they are dead.

Thanks to some insight from someone I was able to view some of the actions of my parents in a different light. The same actions which occurred over 40 years ago are now interpreted in a different way and so the effect of those causes has changed, yet this change only occurred in my mind. So those causes while seemingly fixed an unchangeable actually are quite changeable. They are in a way both temporary and also void.

Those causes no longer exist, they are memories only, and the memory of them is subject to change. The original cause is ku or void. The memory is ke or temporary and changeable. The middle way is to realize that both ku and ke are reality at the same time.

Let me offer another example. I will use a general story shared to me by a woman I know. She will recognize the story and some of her close friends may as well. Her story though is actually the story of many people and provides a lesson for all of us.

As a young girl during World War II she sorted clothes that belonged to Jews in the concentration camps who were killed in gas chambers. Of course we all now know the true horrors and atrocities of that time. When this woman was a young child made to do this work by parents who needed the small income it earned in order to survive she had no idea what she was really doing.

As children will do, she made a game of it. She along with her fellow children made the work into fun. It is often how we process things when we are children. As children we are really not programed yet to deal with complex thoughts. Play is a survival technique; think of the person who always makes fun of themselves even though they are in great pain. If we laugh it takes away some of the hurt.

Now we fast forward 70 plus years and this woman, no longer a child of eight, a woman who has grown in wisdom and knowledge, a woman who has carried the guilt of the actions of the eight year old for most of her entire life. The eight year old both exists and yet does not exist. If we looked everywhere possible we would never discover the eight-year-old child. We have perhaps evidence of the existence of the child in photographs and memories but that child no longer has any physicality. It is the same for the 80-year-old woman. If we look at the photos of the eight-year-old girl we can see no pictures of the 80 year old lives today. The 80-year-old woman is only a potential of the eight-year-old girl.

I hope I have not made this too difficult to understand. This is an important and often neglected aspect of Ichinen Sanzen. In IFS theory we have all manner and number of parts that comprise out self. At the core of self are these characteristics. We are compassionate, connected, concerned, centered, creative, there is actually a long list of ‘c’ words that describe the individual at their core. Don’t these sound a lot like how we think of enlightenment? I think there is great similarity.

The parts that surround this core self are different aspects of self. For me, one part I identify as the ‘five year old boy’, this boy was bullied, teased, beaten, always told he was not good enough. There is also the ‘twenty year old guy’ who thinks he is a real bad-ass, a tough guy, who will not take any crap from anyone. There is also ‘the Buddha guy’ who tries to be empathetic and actually has a hard time because he feels the pain of others so realistically. There are also many other parts who have developed either as survival techniques, or as a result of internal growth. Please do not think about this in terms of split personality because they are not the same. In IFS there is a complete integration of all the parts, in other words all of the 3000 conditions of mind are all present, all connected, all related always.

So back to our 80 year old woman today who carries the memory of the eight year old. The 80 year old has tools available to her today she did not have as an eight year old. The eight year old had neither the skills nor capacity the 80 year old has. Think about the Ten Suchnesses if you will, think about those as an eight year old and those as an eighty year old. Big differences can be seen.

So, the eight year old existed but no longer exists as anything but a memory. The eight year old has influence today, even though there is no physical power present because the eight year old is we could say dead. The eight year old girl died a long time ago. She maybe hasn’t been buried yet, but she is dead. In her place now, in her reincarnation if you will, there have been a multitude of women who have come and gone. The reincarnation process, the cycle of birth and death, continue in every moment endlessly and without interruption.

So what is real, and what is not real? This I believe is where the middle way come in. All of it is both real and unreal at the same time. Can the 80 year old woman touch the eight year old girl? Yes at times the eight year old girl is perhaps painfully present, and yet where is that eight year old girl? She is no where to be seen.

Ok, we all have similar experiences, things we have experienced, things we have done at different stages in our lives. We may have regrets we may have pride. Yet all of those things both existed, no long exist, and only exist temporarily and are no more.

Life is a very fluid experience though we frequently wish it to be solid an unchanging.

So, how do we proceed. I think what our Buddhist practice calls on us to do, is to understand the true nature of our existence which is transient, always changing, always dying, always being reborn, in every moment of our lives. Mind blowing isn’t it?

So, today I make peace with my past. I am not the same person I was 60 years ago, and I’m not the same person I will be a week from today. I am responsible for my actions in this moment, but no longer in control of have power over my actions in the past moment. This moment only allows me to experience the effects of previous causes and decide how I will proceed into the future. In a way the past does not truly exist, though we cling to it as if it were life and death, when in fact the past is only death, and the present represents our life.

The eight year old girl only has power to the degree the eighty year old woman allows it. We are each tasked with making friends with our past selves and past experience and past causes. We are not given the job of passing judgment on the actions of our past selves. This is not our Buddhist practice. Judgment is not really compatible with Buddhism. Instead we are called upon to life skillfully in the middle way.

There is much more I would like to say about this however I have gone on long enough. I thank you for your time and attention. Please feel free to ask me questions. Your questions are a benefit to me because they may trigger some idea in my own mind.

Please be well.

Posted in Basics, Buddhism, by Ryusho 龍昇, chaplain, compassion, concentration, death, Dharma Talks, dying, education, focus, Good Things, Hope, language, lgbt, Lotus Sutra, mind, mindfulness, Myosho-ji Temple, Nichiren, Nichiren Shu, Pastoral Care, peace | 2 Comments

Physician’s Good Medicine #8 – Inertia

In other words after an easy assent to some experience the reality of a life of hard work ahead to maintain or even re-experience this is required. It all seems now to be much harder than one expected. How many of us expect some fantastical spiritual awakening and are disappointed when the results seem mundane at best or even unnoticeable?

Physical illness is much the same. All too often people come to the hospital to be cured or repaired and then once they are feeling better return to the old habits that got them ill in the first place because when faced with the reality of change it is much easier to fall back into old patterns. This is one of the reasons why I try not to cast moral judgments on those with addictions to alcohol or drugs. Their basic behavior is mimicked in all places in society and when we look at basic behaviors we might even see ourselves doing the same sorts of things but with different ‘drugs’. Yes drugs are harmful, yet so too is the lack of exercise or poor eating.

The person in detox getting clean is not much different from the person who comes in because their blood sugar is all out of whack because they failed to monitor their blood sugar or refused to modify their diet. The feel better, promise to make changes, then when faced with the hard reality of what that actually means find the challenge more than they can endure. Those addicted to stress or to an inactive lifestyle also find making changes difficult. Heck we all, if we are honest find making changes difficult.

In our Buddhist practice we may experience the overcoming of some great obstacle and feel a certain amount of satisfaction at the accomplishment. Then not too long afterwards we wake up to the reality that it was just one of a series of life events that we will continue to confront in one form or another. Our choice at this point is the same for the addict, or the diabetic, or the heart patient. What will we do going forward? What means more to us the goal of enlightenment, the goal of good health, or the easy way of returning to old patterns and behaviors.

The practice of Buddhism is not a guarantee of a life of complete ease and trouble free living. To believe this is to believe in a fantasy. Buddhism is a constant application of a life of spiritual practice, and awakening by degrees, obstacles that test us and push us to make changes we would otherwise overlook. This is why the medicine of the Lotus Sutra sometimes does not appear to be of good flavor. The taste of practice and devotion is not always sweet, even though the outcome is certainly the taste of nectar.

Another aspect of inertia in life is the notion that what one experiences within oneself is somehow more real than the things that are manifest outside of our lives. In other words the inertia that our interpretation of events is the truth and reality and that we are somehow seeking to detach ourselves from the physical plane of existence. I believe nothing could be further from the truth. I wrote about this in the Acedia chapter, however there are some additional points I think are worth mentioning under Inertia.

Posted in Basics, Buddhism, by Ryusho 龍昇, chaplain, compassion, concentration, death, Dharma Talks, dying, education, focus, Good Things, healthcare, Hope, lgbt, Lotus Sutra, mind, mindfulness, Myosho-ji Temple, Nichiren, Nichiren Shu, Pastoral Care, peace, Prayer | Leave a comment

Physician’s Good Medicine #7 – Inertia – with French Translation

French translation appears following the English

As you may now be deducing the chapters are dealing with illness of the mind that can inhibit or prevent our attainment of enlightenment. In the parable the children have lost their minds and some take the cure while others refuse. Those who have refused claim the medicine is not suitable and will do nothing to make them better in spite of evidence that it had indeed cured their brothers.

In my work in the hospital I frequently am with patients who have lived much of their lives with no concern for their health until they suddenly become ill. Perhaps they smoked for much of their lives, or perhaps they had no regard for the foods they ate. They may have overlooked exercise as an important proactive healthy activity. There are many things that may have been done in the course of one’s life that on a day to day basis seem to have no negative impact, yet over an accumulation of time do indeed produce negative results.

The same can be said of our spiritual development. Perhaps for some no consideration has been given for much of a lifetime to adjusting the spiritual or moral principals which have guided one’s life. Sometimes a health crisis can awaken one to the need to not only adjust their health related lifestyle but also make changes in the spiritual aspect.

Yet all too often making the necessary changes proves to be very difficult. We develop habitual ways in our lives. In my life this looks like someone who is not very adventurous in eating. I admit that I am a lazy eater, preferring the things that are familiar to me and avoiding those things I am not familiar with. Even when I eat a new food and I like it I still find it is easier to fall back to my familiar and customary food choices. Fortunately in my case the foods I generally eat are not so terribly bad for me, though they may not be the best. I have always tended to not eat much meat, and so high fat foods have not been an important part of my diet.

I will admit that I am especially spoiled when it comes to fruits. I generally only eat bananas or blueberries. Silly I know, but those are the things that I prefer. Several months ago I bought a food processor/juicer that literally tuns the fruit or vegetable into a liquid; stem, skin, seed, the whole thing. Because I have this I now consume many more fruits and vegetables I would never eat otherwise. I have always like most green vegetables but not the yellow ones. My partner was just the opposite, he didn’t like the greens but preferred the yellows.

So we all have our favorites and preferences. For many of us this doesn’t seem to matter for most of our lives. Yet unseen by us is an accumulation of all of these causes, or lack of causes. Over the years a lack of exercise takes a toll because our muscles, joints, and bones, as well as our mind make it more difficult to engage in very needed exercise as we age. The pounds add on, the change seems more difficult, and the cycle keeps repeating itself.

The more we continue to do something the harder it becomes to change.

In physics inertia is defined as a body in motion tends to remain in motion and a body at rest tends to remain at rest. And so it is with our lives; physical, mental, and spiritual.

In our spiritual practice inertia can manifest in several ways and because of several conditions. One such condition can be a type of inner confusion or even a hardening of attitude in spirit because of a let down after one begins to practice. Perhaps some ‘spiritual high’ was achieved at some activity or even from personal practice and then the high goes away and once again the practitioner is faced with the reality of the hard work ahead to make significant changes in ones life.

———–French translation by Luca Guccione———–
Le médecin expert – #7

Vous l’aurez compris: ces pages parlent des trappes mentales qui peuvent empêcher (ou du moins retarder) notre illumination. Dans la parabole les enfants perdent la raison: d’aucuns prennent le remède, d’autres s’y refusent sous prétexte que ça ne sert à rien, malgré l’évidence contraire de leurs frères qui ont guéri.

Lors de ma fonction à l’hôpital, j’ai pu souvent entrer en contact avec des gens qui ne s’étaient guère soucié de leur santé durant leur vie jusqu’à ce que la maladie les rattrape. De gros fumeurs, des mangeurs compulsifs qui ne pratiquaient pas d’exercices physiques de manière préventive. Or, il y a beaucoup de choses que nous pouvons faire au jour le jour afin d’éviter que l’accumulation de petites négligences ne se transforment en une masse écrasante de problèmes.

Il en va de même pour notre évolution spirituelle. Certains se retiendront invulnérables et n’y porteront aucune attention jusqu’à ce qu’ils soient dans le besoin; alors seulement ils essayeront d’adapter leur vie et leur comportement à de saines valeurs morales.

Et même si l’on en est conscient, changer peut s’avérer vraiment difficile à cause des habitudes qui nous régissent. En ce qui me concerne, par exemple, je suis un peureux en matière d’alimentation: j’ai du mal à manger ce que je ne connais pas. Et même si je peux m’enthousiasmer pour de nouvelles cuisines, je reviens toujours à mes bonnes vieilles habitudes culinaires. Heureusement que je ne mange pas de cochonneries! Pas trop de graisses, donc, mais pas de fruits non plus: que des bananes ou des myrtilles. Je sais, je sais ce que vous allez me dire: ça n’a aucun sens. Pourtant, je m’emploie à changer. En effet, j’ai récemment acheté un extracteur de jus où je peux tout mettre (trognon, peau, pépins, etc.) et qui me force bon an mal an à consommer beaucoup plus de fruits et de légumes (légumes verts: les jaunes ne passeront jamais. Mon copain, lui, avait des goûts opposés).

Nos préférences, donc, n’ont pas trop l’air d’avoir un impact sur notre vie. Or, nous l’avons vu, l’accumulation d’habitudes engendrent des causes (ou un manque de causes) à long terme. Ainsi, ne pas faire du sport, causera plus tard des problèmes aux articulations, aux muscles, aux os, sans parler des dommages causés à notre esprit qui aura du mal à accepter un effort de changement survenu à l’improviste. Nous serons alors condamnés à prendre du poids, aggravant encore plus la spirale inlassable de notre tourment.

La morale de l’histoire est que plus nous persistons dans nos habitudes, plus elles seront difficilement modifiables.

L’inertie est un terme utilisé en physique qui veut dire qu’un corps qui se meut, tend à continuer sur sa lancée tandis qu’un corps à l’arrêt ne bougera pas. Ce concept s’applique aussi à notre vie: on parlera alors d’inertie physique, mentale ou spirituelle. En ce qui concerne notre pratique, l’inertie se manifestera de différentes manières, selon les conditions qui l’ont engendrée. Nous aurons, par exemple, l’égarement spirituel; ou le rejet absolu dû à l’abandon perduré trop longtemps; ou encore l’attachement à un idéal que nous pensons avoir atteint au début de notre aventure et qui ne se représente plus. Cela ne tient qu’à nous: la réalité de la pratique dépend exclusivement de notre engagement et de notre travail au quotidien, incessant, dur parfois, mais si significatif au bout de toute une vie.

Posted in Basics, Buddhism, by Ryusho 龍昇, chaplain, compassion, concentration, death, Dharma Talks, dying, education, focus, Good Things, healthcare, Hope, lgbt, Lotus Sutra, mind, mindfulness, Myosho-ji Temple, Nichiren, Nichiren Shu, Pastoral Care, peace | Leave a comment

Physician’s Good Medicine #6 – Acedia with French Translation

French translation appears following English

I do believe that as we grow in our faith and its application to our lives that we gain a certain amount of inner wisdom which we can use to guide us to making wise choices in life. This does require however a greater integration of Buddhism and the Lotus Sutra into our lives. The more moments that are lived in principal of the Lotus Sutra the more our every moment will be infused with the innate Buddha wisdom residing at the core of our lives. Acedia the idea of not caring or being curious about one’s situation in life is one of the ills that can be cured by our faith in and practice of the Lotus Sutra, but only if we actually are willing to dig deep into our lives with honesty.

What does this kind of honesty look like in real life? It means looking at your own life to see how you are contributing in either a positive or negative way to the things you experience and your understanding of them. Is your impatience influencing how you view the performance of the clerk who is checking out your groceries? Is you self-importance contributing to the way you interpret the driving of others, or even your own sense of infallibility and perfection? Does your own idea of how things should be or should not be actually enhance or cloud your understanding of the nature of the problem? Is it possible that your actions and thoughts are in fact sometimes your own worst enemy? These are a few of the kinds of questions to engage your own self in.

I should make very clear that finding ways of improving your life does not mean that somehow you are defective or that you are a bad person. Looking deep into your life needs to be balanced with a gentle touch. Rather than cast yourself as a bad person try considering that you have discovered a way in which you might be able to make improvements to enable your life to be more of what you really at your core self want it to be.

If we are stuck in acedia then we never look at the first source available to us where we can make the most effective change. Unless you believe in completely dominating someone and coercing them into conforming to your way of life then it must be admitted that implementing change in someone else’s life is going to be the most difficult and yield the least amount of improvement in your circumstances. The place where you have the most leverage and effectiveness for making change lies solely within your own life.

One of the messages from my parents as I was growing up was “you’re not good enough”. At some point I realized, perhaps around the same time as I claimed my name, that I was indeed good enough. It wasn’t a statement that I was perfect but that I was the one who decides if I am good enough. In fact one of the questions asked of me at my committee was what does ‘good enough’ look like. My response was, it looks like me. Of course there are things I wish to improve, and saying that ‘I am good enough’ does not also mean that I am perfect.

Over the years my Buddhist practice has given me the tools to change and the direction in which to make the changes. The Lotus Sutra has been the key. The Buddha doesn’t preach to the many in the congregation that they are somehow defective. He doesn’t tell them the reason why you will not attain enlightenment in this Saha world is because they were broken or bad in some way. He simply points out that after certain lengths of time and after certain practice they will certainly attain enlightenment. None of this is punishment.

Can we also be as kind and gentle with ourselves even while constantly striving for making changes in our lives that will certainly guarantee our own enlightenment and lives free of suffering?

Chapter XIV warns us to not accept our observations of this world being a terrible place raging with fire and suffering. There are not two worlds that exist independently of each other, both exist at the same time the difference lies in the mind of the viewer; how we interpret the phenomena we observe and experience. The Buddha did not simply die some time in the past. The Buddha and his teachings are just as real and alive today as they were when the Lotus Sutra was taught. Again the way we choose to live determines the reality we experience, and either reality is possible depending upon our minds.

————French translation by Luca Guccione———–
Le médecin expert – #6
Chapitre I – L’acédie
Je crois sincèrement que notre cheminement de foi et sa mise en application dans la vie courante nous conduisent à une certaine sagesse. Pour l’accroitre, il faut néanmoins intégrer encore plus le Bouddhisme et le Sûtra du lotus. Plus nous vivrons en accord avec les principes qui s’en inspirent, plus nous nous rapprocherons de notre sagesse de bouddha innée. L’acédie – l’indolence envers sa propre condition ou celle des autres – peut être soignée par la foi et la pratique du Sûtra du lotus au prix, toutefois, d’une quête sincère.
Que doit-on entendre par sincérité? J’entends par là que nous devons scruter à la loupe nos actions pour définir quelle est notre part de responsabilité dans ce qui nous arrive tant de positif que de négatif, et comprendre ainsi les mécanismes que nous enclenchons. Dans la vie courante, ceci peut se traduire par exemple par se poser la question si notre impatience dans une fille d’attente est vraiment due à l’incompétence du commis vendeur; si notre énervement en voiture ne relate que de la conduite des autres ou plutôt de l’idée excessive de perfection que nous nous faisons de nous-mêmes; si notre supposée “infaillibilité” nous sert ou nous dessert dans l’analyse des problèmes. Ne serait-ce plutôt que nos actions (qui ne sont souvent que des réactions) et nos pensées sont parfois nos pires ennemis ? Voilà ce qui s’appelle “une quête sincère”.
Ne vous méprenez pas sur mes paroles: se trouver des défauts ne fait pas de vous une mauvaise personne. Toute quête, si dure soit-elle, doit être accompagnée d’un regard tendre et bienveillant. Si vous êtes amenés à découvrir vos failles, considérez-les comme des découvertes inestimables qui vous ferons avancer vers votre propre vraie nature plutôt que des fautes immondes.
Ne laissez pas l’acédie demeurer en vous car elle obnubilera votre but et vous empêtrera dans une stabilité commode. Œuvrer ces changements sur soi-même et dans sa vie est un sale boulot et nul ne peut vous y contraindre sinon par la force (de toute manière, si ce n’est pas ce que l’on souhaite vraiment, aucune coercition n’aura d’effet). Il incombe à vous seulement de mettre en route ce processus bouleversant.
Mes parents me rappelaient sans cesse que «je n’étais pas à la hauteur». J’y avais cru jusqu’au jour où, décidant de me faire appeler George – changeant ainsi l’attitude de mes compagnons d’école – je compris qu’il ne tenait qu’à moi de le croire ou non et, qu’en réalité, bien que loin de la perfection, j’étais assurément à la hauteur.
L’interviewer continua:«Qu’est-ce “être à la hauteur” pour vous?».«C’est être tel que je suis vraiment, avec certes des aspects à améliorer, mais avec un profond respect de ma personne».
Les années passant, la pratique bouddhique m’a enseigné les outils nécessaires pour changer et pour prendre d’autres directions. Le secret est toujours le même: le Sûtra du lotus. Le Bouddha n’y prêche pas à l’auditoire qu’il est imparfait, qu’il n’aura pas d’illumination dans ce bas monde à cause de son passé fautif: au contraire, la seule chose qu’il dit est que, grâce à la pratique, nous pouvons tous atteindre l’Éveil. Rien à voir donc avec la notion de punition.

Mais comment être bienveillants et épris de gentillesse envers nous-mêmes alors que nous traversons la rudesse de cette vie-ci?
Le Chapitre XIV du Sûtra du lotus nous donne la réponse: ne pensez pas que ce monde est un endroit terrible où ne règne que la souffrance. La non-dualité nous enseigne qu’il y a toujours un revers de la médaille et qu’il ne tient qu’à nous d’interpréter les phénomènes et nos expériences d’une manière plutôt que de l’autre. L’observateur a toujours la main.
Le Bouddha n’est pas mort il y a très longtemps. Il vit encore à travers ses enseignements qui sont d’actualité aujourd’hui comme ils l’étaient déjà à son époque. Et il nous répète sans cesse déjà comme à l’époque, que notre manière de vivre détermine notre réalité et que nos pensées seules peuvent choisir le monde où nous vivons.

Posted in Basics, Buddhism, by Ryusho 龍昇, chaplain, compassion, concentration, death, Dharma Talks, dying, education, focus, Good Things, healthcare, Hope, language, Lotus Sutra, mind, mindfulness, Myosho-ji Temple, Nichiren, Nichiren Shu, Pastoral Care, peace | 2 Comments

Physician’s Good Medicine #5 – Acedia with French Translation

French translation appears following the English

After a delay due to surgery and recovery I am resuming my writing. Because of the break in writing my continuity may be off and at final publication some of this may change. Thank you for you patience and understanding.

In our own lives this might look like not being satisfied with our results so far and looking for other ways in which we might be able to change our lives.

I can’t say that I understood this principal in my life early on but as I look back on events it certainly seems to have been manifest. In fact on my recent certification committee to become a chaplain one of the interviewers said to me that it seems as if I have been Buddhist my whole life. He had asked me to share with him the background around my name change.

When I was very young, ages 5-7, I was teased quite a lot. I was bullied in school so much that for me going to school was one of the most scary things I could think of, and going to the bathroom was even more scary. The kids, especially the older ones in school would follow me and call me names and make fun of the name my parents called me. They would follow me into the bathroom and tease me and I would cry. I was so afraid.

One day in second grade while out playing on the play ground a group of the boys got together and somehow got ahold of a rope. They used the rope to tie me up and hang me from the tree on the playground. I had to be cut down and taken to the emergency room as a result. My parents reaction was that somehow I had caused this to happen and that it was my fault. The system was broken and had failed me.

During the summer before third grade my father was transferred to New Orleans where I entered a new and different school. At this school no one knew me or what I was called, they only had my first, middle and last names. So after practicing all summer long all of the possible ways I could be teased by my first name I told them to call me George. I didn’t really change my name so much as I claimed my first name.

My parents were not at all pleased, to put it mildly and in fact until they died they continued to use the nickname they had devised.

I can’t claim to have been so clever at the time but I do recall understanding that if I wanted things to change then the person responsible for that had to be me. There were a few instances of people trying to tease me with the name George however in all instances I just would sing along and they would stop.

After I related my story to the committee the Baptist minister who had asked the question said; “you were a Buddhist back then.” I had never really thought of it that way, I was just desperate and afraid. I wanted the bullying and teasing to stop, that was all I wanted. I wasn’t thinking of any grand philosophical act or even anything that would as it turns out be a defining moment in my life.

I am realistic enough to know that I had circumstances available to me that don’t often occur and so I hope no one takes my story as being any gospel about how they should or should not solve their own unique life problems. My point is simply to encourage each of us, myself included, to not be complacent in our suffering or in our happiness. We each are challenged to constantly strive towards our best. And if we are complacent or smug in our examination then we will almost certainly miss the very opportunities that can enable us to change in significant ways.

———-French translation by Luca Guccione————–
Le médecin expert – 5
Chapitre I – L’acédie

À cause d’une opération et de la convalescence, j’ai dû malheureusement m’arrêter d’écrire un certain temps. Me voilà de retour. Merci pour votre comprehension.

[cont.]: ceci peut s’apparenter à un abandon pour certains qui cherchent alors d’autres issues de sortie.

Moi-même j’ai mis du temps à le comprendre. Aujourd’hui, avec le recul, je conçois ces doutes comme une partie intégrante de mon processus bouddhiste. C’est d’ailleurs lors de mon entretien pour devenir aumônier, que l’on me fit remarquer que «on aurait dit que j’étais un bouddhiste depuis ma tendre enfance».

Et c’est lors de ce colloque même, que je dus expliquer l’origine de mon nom d’emprunt.

Vers l’âge de 5-7 ans, on me taquinait souvent. On me tyrannisait tellement qu’aller à l’école était devenu un vrai calvaire: pis encore, aller aux toilettes! Les “anciens” m’insultaient de tous les noms possibles sans répit et se moquaient même du surnom que m’avaient donné mes parents. Cela provoquait des pleurs que je ne parvenais plus à contrôler.

Un jour, en deuxième primaire, tandis que j’étais en train de jouer dans la cour, un groupe d’enfants réussit à s’emparer d’une corde. Bien tôt, je fus ligoté et suspendu à un arbre et je fus si gravement affecté qu’on dut m’amener aux urgences. Quelle ne fut la réaction de mes parents qui s’en prirent à moi: selon eux, tout ce qui m’arrivait n’était que de ma faut! Après ce jour là, le système scolaire avait perdu toute crédibilité à mes yeux car il m’avait fortement déçu.

Un été, avant la rentrée de troisième, mon père fut transféré à New Orleans où je fus inscrit dans une nouvelle école. Personne savait qui j’étais ni connaissait mes sobriquets: je décidais donc de repartir à zéro et de me faire appeler tout simplement George (mon vrai prénom), ce qui ne ravissait pas du tout mes parents qui, jusqu’à leur mort, m’appelèrent par le surnom qu’ils m’avaient affublé.

Je compris après coup (hélas! Pas tout de suite) que si je voulais que les choses changeassent, c’est moi qui aurait dû modifier mon comportement. D’ailleurs, les seules fois où on essaya de se moquer de George, je les ignorai en sifflotant (ce qui arrêta net la moquerie).

C’est après ce récit que mon interviewer me dit que «c’est à ce moment précis, en sifflant, que j’étais devenu bouddhiste». Une révélation! Moi qui n’y avais vu qu’une période sombre et effrayante, moi qui ne désirais rien d’autre que d’en finir avec mes persécutions, je n’avais jamais envisagé l’aspect philosophique ni l’importance fondatrice de ces événements.

Certes, je m’en saurais passé volontiers: que ceci ne soit pas un modèle pour vous! Chacun a son histoire et sa façon de la vivre. Mais l’enseignement que je voudrais que vous reteigniez (et que je me répète sans cesse), est que jamais il ne faut se décourager, jamais il ne faut se laisser engloutir dans ses propres souffrances (ni dans ses propres extases, d’ailleurs). Chaque jour qui passe, nous ne devons avoir de cesse de lutter pour ne pas nous laisser abattre par la situation et pour éviter de nous y complaire mollement. C’est à ce prix que d’innombrables opportunités se manifesteront alors à nous.

Posted in Basics, Buddhism, by Ryusho 龍昇, chaplain, compassion, concentration, death, Dharma Talks, dying, education, focus, Good Things, healthcare, Hope, lgbt, Lotus Sutra, mind, mindfulness, Myosho-ji Temple, Nichiren, Nichiren Shu, Pastoral Care, peace | 2 Comments

Physician’s Good Medicine #4 – Acedia with French Translation

French translation appears following the English

In the parable in the Sutra we are told that after the return of the father to his home and upon discovering his children had taken some poison he then compounds some beneficial medication for his children. We are told that some of the children took the medicine right away and became cured and their right mind was restored. Yet others of the children refused to take the good medicine and continued to suffer in agony as their minds were affected by the poison they had taken.

In spite of overwhelming evidence which they had witnessed by their very own eyes there were some of the children who were not capable of believing the medicine could cure them. That is one way of looking at these events. I believe there is yet another way to view the story and that is the children in spite of knowing they had taken poison and even knowing that their brothers had been cured where not strongly enough self motivated to truly seek out or be interested in taking the good medicine.

This word acedia is perhaps a word we could use more frequently in our vocabulary, though no one would have the foggiest idea what were talking about.

To not be interested or concerned about one’s condition, in other words to not looking at one’s own problems and seeing the work that needs to be done at home, is acedia. Since it is much easier to look at other people’s problems than one’s own this implies a certain laziness and certainly arrogance. This is the terminal uniqueness I mentioned above, the thought that I am different from the person I am criticizing. Or for the addict looking at others and saying I’m not like them, and then saying I don’t need your tool, whether it is AA or meditation, or rehab. I’m not like that.

Of course the ‘I’m not like them’ syndrome is just as easy to identify in the spiritual community and it practitioners who assume airs of self-righteousness. The notion that I as a practitioner of Buddhism have somehow figured out life and therefore am above the troubles that plague others is foolish, arrogant and perfectly describes the trouble with acedia in our lives.

For Buddhists perhaps the problem is doubly compounded because our teachings are some times interpreted to call on us to remove ourselves from society or to somehow rise above it all. Mindfulness becomes stoic detachment which is absurd because know where else do the solutions for eliminating suffering lie than in the very reality of life. Eliminating suffering and avoiding suffering are not the same thing.

While it is true on the one hand that the elimination of suffering does not lie in the acquisition of more material things it also does not lie simply in the abhorrence or avoidance of the material. The middle path, the one chosen by the Buddha that turned away from strictly asceticism and also from hedonism, the path of finding the way between without ignoring either is our challenge.

The physician father in this parable neither rejoices over the curing of some of his ill children nor laments into inaction the refusal of others to take the medicine and cure themselves. And indeed the cure does lie within the control of each child, the father merely provides that which they can take as a cure. Rather than celebrating his success or being satisfied with the results as they stood, in other words not giving up on finding a solution, the father continues to search for a solution that will accomplish his goal.

———-French translation by Luca Guccione————–
Chapitre I – L’acédie

Continuant la parabole, on apprend que le père, de retour à la maison, découvre que ses enfants ont pris du poison et tout de suite il leur concocte un remède. Quelques uns le prennent immédiatement guérissant instantanément et retrouvant du coup un esprit sain (le poison les ayant obnubilés). D’autres, au contraire, refusent le médicament et continuent d’agoniser.

Malgré l’évidence même (leur frères et sœur déjà guéris), ceux-ci sont incapables de croire que pour eux le remède pourrait marcher. Ou alors, autre hypothèse, ils désirent carrément persister dans leur état et ne sont guère intéressés à en sortir.

C’est l’acédie, mot qui devrait être utilisé plus fréquemment (même si notre interlocuteur n’aurait sans doute pas la moindre idée de quoi il s’agit). Voyons donc sa signification première: ne pas s’intéresser à son propre état d’âme. Ceci nous pousse à regarder promptement les problèmes et fautes des autres plus volontiers et nous plonge de ce fait dans une paresse et une arrogance aveugles. C‘est ce que j’entendais auparavant par “unicité terminale”: l’idée que je sois complètement différent de celui que je critique [NdT du grec KRINO, je sépare] et, pour les gens souffrant de dépendance, l’idée que je ne sois pas comme le reste de la planète, que moi je n’ai pas besoin de remède (qu’il s’agisse de méthadone ou de méditation). Tous, sauf moi.

Ce syndrome que j’appellerais “jnesuipakomeu”, se vérifie aussi dans les communautés spirituelles où l’on repère tout de suite ceux qui se croient “dans le droit chemin”, au-dessus du lot. Je l’ai constaté souvent: nombre de Bouddhistes croient tout avoir compris à la vie grâce aux enseignements, et se pensent donc immunisés contre les fléaux qui affligent les gens communs. Cette vraie arrogance leur vient de l’acédie.

Ces Bouddhistes ont alors un double problème: ils pensent que les enseignements leur demandent de s’extraire de la société, de “léviter” au-dessus d’elle en quelque sorte. Rien de plus faux. Être pleinement conscient ne veut pas dire se détacher stoïquement de la vie, car seule la réalité nous offre les moyens d’éliminer la souffrance. Une chose c’est d’éviter la souffrance, l’autre de l’éliminer!

Pour ce faire, pas besoin de se débarrasser de tous ses biens matériels (comme l’aurait fait un stoïque). La voie médiane préconisée par le Bouddha – à mi-chemin entre l’hédonisme et l’ascétisme – n’ignore pas les extrêmes dont elle tient compte précisément pour trouver la juste approche.

Le médecin de la parabole ne se réjouit pas d’avoir sauvé quelques uns des siens, tout comme il ne regrette pas que les autres aient refusé ses soins. Certes, il aimerait que chacun puisse se soigner mais, en tant que père, son rôle est de continuer à chercher la solution finale qui accomplira finalement sa mission.

Posted in Basics, Buddhism, by Ryusho 龍昇, chaplain, compassion, concentration, death, Dharma Talks, dying, education, focus, healthcare, Hope, Lotus Sutra, mind, mindfulness, Myosho-ji Temple, Nichiren Shu, Pastoral Care, peace, Prayer | Leave a comment

Physician’s Good Medicine #3 – Acedia with French Translation

French translation appears following the English

Until a person is ready and willing to delve into their own weaknesses and troubles and leave the troubles and weaknesses of others alone then the real benefit of Buddhist practice will continually remain elusive. Certainly it is much easier to spend our time fixing the problems of others, providing expert advice on how their lives could be infinitely better if they only made certain critical changes. Buddhism though is at the core not a religious doctrine which subscribes to the practices of judgement, so none need apply.

Until a person is practicing for their own enlightenment and their own self improvement then the ability to fulfill our vow to enable countless others to also attain enlightenment will always be just out of reach.

There is a term my therapist uses to describe people who fail to see themselves and their behaviors when looking at their environment. She calls it suffering from terminal uniqueness. I see this exhibited frequently in patients of all types, however it is seems especially prevalent in the detox unit. Folks there will frequently express the sentiment that they aren’t like those other people. And in a way this is something we all, I believe have said at one time or another. I’m not like that person, or I’m better than that, or I would never do something like that. All the while refusing to look deeply into their own lives and seeing that while circumstances may be slightly different it is the core behavior that is the same.

When I work with folks in the detox unit or other places who have addictions they wish to overcome, whether drugs or anything, what I am most focused on is the behavior that is manifesting either because of the addiction or that lead to the addiction. I am not an expert or even highly skilled at treating anyone with any addiction, yet my belief is that we all have addictions to something and the degree to which we are aware of the addiction and the degree to which it impacts our ability to function is the place where Buddhism can have the greatest impact.

Setting aside any moral judgments and delving into what we are trying to run away from or what we are trying to run towards is a good place for Buddhism to start. But we have to be willing to delve deep and that isn’t always easy and almost certainly isn’t painless.

Acedia is Latin which has many different meanings such as torpor, listless, not caring or being concerned about one’s condition. I thought this was a good word with many rich meanings very appropriate to this work on the Physician and his Children parable from the Lotus Sutra.

————-French translation by Luca Guccione————–
Le médecin expert – 3
Chapitre I L’acédie

Si nous n’avons pas la volonté ferme d’analyser nos propres faiblesses et notre insatisfaction laissant pour un instant de côté les problèmes qui proviennent soi-disant de l’extérieur, nous ne pourrons pas bénéficier réellement de la pratique bouddhique. Très souvent, en effet, il est plus facile de régler les problèmes des autres sur lesquels nous pontifions en grands experts, détenteurs comme nous sommes de la conduite parfaite, plutôt que de faire de l’introspection. Or le bouddhisme, contrairement à d’autres religions, ne se base pas sur les jugements.
Si nous voulons accomplir le vœu de tout bouddhiste, celui de sauver un nombre incalculable d’êtres, nous devons auparavant travailler à notre propre illumination.
Pour parler de ce type de personnes qui regardent la paille dans les yeux de leurs voisins plutôt que la poutre dans les leurs, mon médecin utilise le terme de “unicité terminale” [NdT. ils se croient uniques dans leur misère ou dans leur supériorité, non reliés au reste du monde, le terminus d’une vie accomplie pour certains, les vieux rails abandonnés d’une destination non plus desservie d’un réseau ferré pour d’autres]. Cette pathologie est plus fréquemment constatable parmi les patients dont je m’occupe dans le centre de désintoxication. Ce sont eux les premiers qui diront qu’ils ne sont pas comme tous les autres gens, phrase – j’en suis sûr – que nous aurons tous crue à un moment ou à un autre de notre vie:«Je n’est rien à voir avec celui-là»,«je vaux bien mieux»,«jamais je n’oserais faire une chose pareille»… Refuser de regarder au fond de soi, c’est ignorer que, même si les circonstances sont différentes, le problème est le même pour tous.
Quand je travaille avec ces personnes qui veulent se sortir de tout type de dépendance, la chose qui m’importe le plus est d’analyser le comportement qu’elles manifestent soit sous l’emprise, soit celui qui les y conduit. Et bien que je ne sois pas un expert ni aie les diplômes pour, je crois fermement que nous sommes tous à un degré ou à un autre dépendant d’une habitude; ce qui compte, c’est en quelle mesure nous en sommes conscients et c’est là que le bouddhisme déploie sa grande utilité.
Mis à part tout jugement moral, si nous nous décidons à fouiller en nous pour chercher ce que nous fuyons ou, au contraire, ce qui nous excite, alors le bouddhisme est l’outil qu’il nous faut pour entamer cette démarche. Il faudra néanmoins creuser très profondément, et ça ne sera pas sans peine.
“Acédie” vient du latin et peut être traduit de différentes manières, toutes valables: torpeur, apathie, indolence envers soi ou les autres. Voilà donc le mot que je cherchais pour débuter ma conférence sur la parabole du Médecin expert et de ses fils contée dans le Sûtra du lotus!

Posted in Basics, Buddhism, by Ryusho 龍昇, chaplain, compassion, concentration, death, Dharma Talks, dying, healthcare, Hope, Lotus Sutra, Myosho-ji Temple, Nichiren, Nichiren Shu, Pastoral Care | 3 Comments

Physician’s Good Medicine #2 – Acedia with French Translation

The French translation follows the English

Chapter I – Acedia

While away the children of the good physician get a tad bit overly curious or else mischievous and get into some things they should not have gotten in to and become poisoned. There are a couple of ways of looking at this, one is they were doing something they should not have been doing and two they did not experience a desirable outcome from their actions.

I’ve never had children, however I have raised puppies and I know all about them getting into things they should not. Often times they are simply exploring their environment and also looking for things to eat. They are unaware of the dangers, especially the dangers of modern homes with electrical cords and household cleaners. My current dog is the first one I have ever raised by myself, all the others I had my partner share the burden.

For the first 6 months practically, the only place in the house she was able to be in was the kitchen. I had put child locks on all the cupboard doors and it was already a space that had no exposed electrical cords. The floor was linoleum and so there was nothing she could do to harm it or herself. When I wasn’t home or with her she was in her crate. This made things a lot less stressful for me. All of these precautions though only got her through the chewing phase. Dogs always remain curious to things in their environment, and so it is with here.

When we are young we lack the capacity to make rational decisions and are also unaware of the dangers that exist in our environments. These two factors are important to consider and actually are never far away even as we age, as aging is no guarantee that one knows all things. The children may have been hoping for some fun when they took the medicine, that certainly is the case today with some youth who take various medicines or even household substances so they can become high, transporting them away to some different mental experience. Of course this is dangerous yet the risk seems worth it and so the activity is engaged in.

One day a week I spend time teaching meditation to patients who are in the detox unit in the hospital where I work. I have had the opportunity to speak with many people who struggle with addictions to either drugs or alcohol or both. Some are poly-substance abusers, this is the classification given to those people who are addicted to many drugs both legal and illegal which makes recovery and treatment for overdose a complicated process.

Frequently when people talk about addictions one comment I hear over and over is ‘they are running from pain’, a phrase I think does more harm than good and is highly dismissive of those with addictions.

Guess what, we all have addictions. And this is where I transition the subject to speaking directly in a rather blunt way. We are all addicts and if any addict is morally deficient then we all are. While it might be argued that there are harmful addictions and others which are not harmful, that is only a device employed to rationalize one’s own behavior and hide from the truth.

——–French translation by Luca Guccione————–
Chapitre I – L’acédie*

Alors qu’il s’est absenté, les enfants du médecin un tantinet curieux et espiègles commettent malheureusement une bêtise. Qui sait? Peut-être ont-ils transgressé une règle ou n’ont-ils pas évalué les conséquences de leur acte: le fait est qu’ils tombent empoisonnés.

Moi-même n’ayant jamais eu d’enfants, j’ai pu toutefois constater le pétrin où se fourrent les chiots dans leur soif de découvrir le monde et dans leur quête de bouffe: ils ne se rendent pas compte des dangers qui emplissent nos maisons (les produits ménagers toxiques, le réseau électrique, etc.).

Or, pour la première fois j’ai une chienne que j’ai élevée tout seul (pour les précédents, on se partageait les tâches moi et mon partenaire). Et bien: les six premiers mois de son existence j’ai dû mettre des cadenas à toutes les portes et cacher toutes les prises et câbles électriques car sa curiosité n’avait de cesse! Et malgré le fait qu’elle fût ainsi apparemment protégée de tout incident possible, mon stress ne diminuait pas lorsque je devais la laisser seule à la maison, conscient que sa nature lui aurait causé des problèmes.

Les jeunes en général n’utilisent pas leur capacité rationnelle pour prendre des décisions et sont inconscients des dangers qui nous entourent. Malheureusement, beaucoup de gens ne murissent pas avec l’âge et continuent d’être tout aussi imprudents. Ainsi ces enfants de la parabole croyaient-ils sans doute augmenter leur amusement en avalant des médicaments (c’est ce qui se passe de nos jours avec les substances psychotropes) qui leur auraient fait vivre, pensaient-ils, une expérience “hors du commun”: ils n’avaient pas pu, de toute évidence, évaluer le risque qu’ils auraient encouru.

Un jour par semaine j’enseigne la méditation aux patients d’un centre de désintoxication, ce qui m’a permis de connaître leurs motivations de fond (il y a vraiment de tout: du consommateur d’alcool, au “multiutilisateur” qui se concocte des mélanges compliqués). Ce que les gens en pensent généralement est que ces personnes essayent de fuir la douleur, chose qui est loin d’être vraie et qui ne les aide sûrement pas.

Car, le savez-vous? Nous sommes tous drogués d’une façon ou d’une autre, dépendants de ceci ou de cela. Certes, vous pourriez objecter qu’il y a des dépendances délétères et d’autres qui sont juste futiles, mais ce ne serait qu’une tentative de rationaliser ces manquements et de cacher la vérité à vous-mêmes.

Posted in Basics, Buddhism, by Ryusho 龍昇, chaplain, compassion, death, Dharma Talks, dying, Good Things, healthcare, Hope, Lotus Sutra, mindfulness, Myosho-ji Temple, Nichiren, Nichiren Shu, Pastoral Care | Leave a comment